Rome Municipality, capital of Italy, counts 2.8 million of residents, distributed on a surface of 1,285 sqkm.
Situated in the region of Latium, central-western portion of Italy, the city is characterized mainly by wholesale, retail and professional activities; in terms of employees, those of the transportation and storage sectors represent almost 300 thousand units (10% of the total).
Regarding freight distribution, Rome Municipality has focused the attention on the historical centre, in terms of access regulation, limited traffic zone and vehicle’s restriction.
The main problem is the overall impact of freight distribution (environment, economic, quality of life of citizen, public services to citizens and operators). The goal of Rome is to reduce such impact without compromising business, liveability and economic growth of the city. This means finding out and implementing tools to define and put in action city logistics solutions able to reduce the overall movements of vehicles, to decrease the thermal engines towards less polluting vehicles – low and zero emission (LEV and ZEV), to reduce the need of land use by freight distribution, to optimize time schedule of deliveries in conjunction with pedestrians and personal mobility needs. In particular, the general objective of Zone 1 (Central Area) is the maximum reduction of private car traffic crossing the zone and almost exclusive use of pedestrian mobility, bicycle and Public Transport. Inside this general framework, Rome expects to develop and test tools and practices, as long as pilot infrastructure for logistics (e.g. UCC), in collaboration with private operators (carriers, logistics operators, retailers), while, in parallel, defining the contents and scheduling of the urban freight plan.